Study programme

Use and conservation of water resources (157664)

ECTS 6.00
English language R1
Teaching hours 60
Lectures 40
Laboratory exercises 6
Practicum 12
Seminar 2
Lecturer
Prof. Davor Romić, PhD
Prof. Marija Romić, PhD
Assoc. Prof. Marco Bittelli, PhD
Associate teacher for exercises
Lana Filipović, PhD
Prof. Marija Romić, PhD
Assist. Prof. Monika Zovko, PhD
Grading
Sufficient (2) 60-70%
Good (3) 71-80%
Very good (4) 81-90%
Excellent (5) 91-100%

Course coordinator

Prof. Davor Romić, PhD
Prof. Davor Romić, PhD

Course description

The course aims are to provide students with up-to-date knowledge on the complex relationship between water and agriculture, with the emphasis on the environmental protection.

Type of course

General competences

The ability to collect and process data related to water quality and to develop, implementation, monitor and evaluate good agricultural practice and agri-environmental measures for reducing negative impact of agriculture to surface and groundwater.

Types of instruction

  • Auditory Exercises
  • Laboratory practice/exercises
    as part of the laboratory exercises analysis students will be able to carry out basic physical and chemical water analysis. Laboratory exercises are conducted in groups (10 students).
  • Lectures
  • Other forms of group or individual learning
    simulation using computer softwares
  • Seminars
    related to evaluation of water quality data, statistic and method in water quality data description and interpretations.

Learning outcomes

Learning outcome Evaluation methods
define and describe the water balance and its components, participation in discussion during the lecture, 1. partial exam, written exam
describe basic physical processes and chemical principals that control water and solute flow in the soil water system, participation in discussion during the lecture, 1. partial exam, written exam
describe the factors influencing the quality of water, participation in discussion during the lecture, 1. partial exam, written exam
apply geochemical modeling participation in discussion during the lecture, 1. partial exam, written exam
understand the chemistry of water that governs the behavior of pollutants in aqueous systems, participation in discussion during the lecture, 2. partial exam, written exam
describe problems in surface water and groundwater related to the agriculture and propose appropriate measures for water protection, participation in discussion during the lecture, 2. partial exam, written exam
develop surface and groundwater monitoring programme for different purposes, participation in discussion during the lecture, 2. partial exam, written exam
develop surface and groundwater monitoring programme for different purposes, participation in discussion during the lecture, 2. partial exam, written exam

Working methods

Teachers' obligations

Preparation of teaching material and seminar themes. Preparation of individual tasks for exercises. Consultations and supervision of seminar and students’ individual work. Regular teaching, seminar and exercises activities. Preparation of partial and final exam.

Students' obligations

The student is required to attend all forms of teaching in accordance with the Regulations of studying at the Faculty of Agriculture University of Zagreb. Individual (practical) work within exercises. Partial or final exam.

Methods of grading

Evaluation elements Maximum points or Share in evaluation Grade rating scale Grade Direct teaching hours Total number of average student workload ECTS
1. partial exam 50% 0-59
60-70
71-80
81-90
91-100
Insufficient (1)
Sufficient (2)
Good (3)
Very good (4)
Excellent (5)
30 90 3
2. partial exam 50% 0-59
60-70
71-80
81-90
91-100
Insufficient (1)
Sufficient (2)
Good (3)
Very good (4)
Excellent (5)
30 90 3
Total 100% 60 180 6
Written exam 100% 0-59
60-70
71-80
81-90
91-100
Insufficient (1)
Sufficient (2)
Good (3)
Very good (4)
Excellent (5)
60 180 6
Total 100% 60 180 6
Evaluation elements Description Deadline Recoupment
1. partial exam Written exam for the first part of the course. During semester Exam period
2. partial exam Written exam for the second part of the course. Only students who have passed the first partial exam, can take second partial exam. During semester Exam period
Written exam Exam period

Weekly class schedule

  1. Water in the environment, Water balance L - An introduction to water use and water quality as a global issue within the framework of sustainability. Water balance at the field and watershed scale and its components: The students will be acquainted with the field water budget, precipitation, infiltration, redistribution, surface runoff, evaporation and deep percolation.
  2. Water balance L - Water balance at the field and watershed scale and its components: The students will be acquainted with the field water budget, precipitation, infiltration, redistribution, surface runoff, evaporation and deep percolation.
  3. Practical training P - Computation of the water balance and use of computer models for the computation of the water balance.
  4. Soil water L - Physical and chemical properties of soil water; water retention in the soil and solute transport- transport of chemicals in soils and water protection.
  5. Soil water – Practicum E - Practicum: introduction in geochemical modeling - the students will be introduced with the speciation models and their importance within agriculture and environmental research.
  6. Soil water – Practicum, Water geochemistry - chemical processes in aquatic environments E+L - Practicum: introduction in geochemical modeling - the students will be introduced with the speciation models and their importance within agriculture and environmental research.Processes controlling chemical composition of natural and polluted water and basic theoretical aspects of physical chemistry are being interpreted; chapters: pH and carbonate solubility, clay minerals and cation exchange capacity, adsorption, kinetic reactions, dissolved substance transport.
  7. Water geochemistry - chemical processes in aquatic environments, Water chemistry project L+E - Processes controlling chemical composition of natural and polluted water and basic theoretical aspects of physical chemistry are being interpreted; chapters: pH and carbonate solubility, clay minerals and cation exchange capacity, adsorption, kinetic reactions, dissolved substance transport. Theoretical: Solubility product, colloids, agglomerates, pH-value, ion strength, element speciation, and metal speciation.
  8. Water chemistry project Lab - Practical: Determination of heavy metal 1) Increase in salt concentration; 2) Reduction of pH-value; 3) Input of natural and synthetic chelating agents.
  9. Concept of water quality and quality standards L- Concept of water quality, physical-chemical characteristics. Quality for agricultural purposes. Agriculture is the largest global water consumer and it consumes more than 70% of used water. Subsequently, students are introduced to water use in agriculture and its ecological consequences with emphasis on irrigation in crop production and fish farming.
  10. Concept of water quality and quality standards L - Concept of water quality, physical-chemical characteristics. Quality for agricultural purposes. Agriculture is the largest global water consumer and it consumes more than 70% of used water. Subsequently, students are introduced to water use in agriculture and its ecological consequences with emphasis on irrigation in crop production and fish farming.
  11. Concept of water pollution and sources of contamination L- Concept of surface and groundwater contamination. Point and non-point (diffuse) sources of water contamination. Identification and analysis of the causes of water pollution from agriculture: diffuse pollution of nitrate, inorganic and organic fertilizers, pesticides and sediments from soil erosion, irrigation and runoff of salts leading to salinization.
  12. Identification and control of contamination, Practicum / Identification and control of contamination L+E - Set up of surface and ground water monitoring programme with description of indicators that can be used for evaluation of water protection. Representative sampling and interpretation of surface and groundwater chemical data.
  13. Water protection L - Prevention and protection of water surface and groundwater. Water protection under national and EU legislation (Water Framework Directive). Good agricultural practices and pollution mitigation measures such as fertilizer management, manure storage and other water - related actions.
  14. Water protection, Exam L
  15. -

Obligatory literature

  1. Water protection L - Prevention and protection of water surface and groundwater. Water protection under national and EU legislation (Water Framework Directive). Good agricultural practices and pollution mitigation measures such as fertilizer management, manure storage and other water - related actions.
  2. Boulding J.R., Ginn J.S. (2003): Soil, Vadose Zone and Groundwater Contamination, Assessment, Prevention and Remediation. Lewis Publishers, Washington, D.C.
  3. Hillel D. (2003): Introduction to Environmental Soil Physics. Elsevier.