Applied entomology (152068)

Course coordinator

Course description

Insects are one of the most important groups of pests of agricultural crops. Apart from great numerousness, they are also characterized by great diversity. The number of species known today is estimated at about 800,000, and according to some authors there are as many as 5 million. Each species has a certain role in the ecosystem. It is estimated that species that are harmful to agricultural crops cause annual damage of 20%. During lectures the students will obtain a detailed review of all species of insects that are important in agriculture. The biology and ecology of all important species of pests will be explained to students, with the emphasis on ecological details that affect the harmfulness and on the approach of control of each species. During the lectures the students will be acquainted with the systems for controlling each species. In the practicum the students will get knowledge of insects' morphology and identifications and will become acquainted with the symptoms of the damage that each species produces. The objective of field lessons is for the students to learn the symptoms of attacks by individual pests in production conditions. Seminar papers will be independent work in which according to the knowledge acquired and by literature searches they will suggest solutions for individual specific problems.

Type of course

ECTS: 6.00

E-learning: L1

Teaching hours: 60
Lectures: 30
Practicum: 22
Seminar: 8

Lecturer
Associate teacher for exercises
Grading

Sufficient (2): 60-69 %
Good (3): 70-79 %
Very good (4): 80-89 %
Excellent (5): >90%

General competencies

Upon completion of the module students will be able to apply the acquired knowledge in theory and practice, will be able to argue and solve the problem, will be able to manage the new situations, generate new ideas and will have the ability of team learning. The acquired knowledge students will use in conducting the protection of agricultural crops from pests and in further training on doctoral studies.

Types of instruction

  • Lectures
  • Practicum
    As part of the practicum, exercises in morphology and ecology of insects according to their systematic division are performed. Before each exercise, students should be prepared by mastering the basic theoretical knowledge of the morphology of individual species. Their prepared knowledge is examined by an entrance colloquium (exam) before each exercise and a certain minimum knowledge is required to access the exercises. Exercises are performed in groups (three groups of 10 to 11 students).
  • Seminars
    Two students process the same scientific research and prepare a presentation using the default criteria. In a separate oral presentation every student critically reviews the work, while other students assess their performance and give precedence to one exhibitor who earns more points.

Learning outcomes

Learning outcome Evaluation methods
Identify main pest species belonging to class of Insecta on agricultural crops and on ornamental plants, based on the symptoms of the attack and morphological traits. Evaluation of drawings, oral exam.
Describe life cycles and ecology of main pest species belonging to class of Insecta on different agricultural crops and on ornamental plants. Oral presentation of seminars, written and oral exam.
Plan and implement non-pesticide indirect and direct measures to prevent or reduce pest attack. Final oral exam.
Apply appropriate methods for the forecast of pest attack. Written and oral exams.
Based on the established attack intensity, determine the economic threshold and recommend efficient environmentally and economically acceptable control measures. Final oral exam.
Plan and implement plant protection according to the IPM principles. Final oral exam.
Create and present programs to protect different crops from pests. Seminar, final oral exam.

Working methods

Teachers' obligations

The teacher is required to conduct teaching according to the curriculum and provide students with necessary materials for studying. Furthermore, the teacher is required to provide a sufficient number of exam periods and inform the students about exam terms in time.

Students' obligations

Class attendance is mandatory for students. To get the signature, students must attend at least 80% of lectures, 80% of exercises and 100% of the seminar.
Excused absence should be documented. If the student is absent from school more than required, and without justifiable reason, the professor's signature will be denied, and the course should be re-enrolled in the next academic year. Students will get topics for seminars and will independently prepare seminars and actively participate in the presentations. During the exercises, students will observe pests under binocular microscope and will draw them.
Students can take the final exam during the semester in which they attend the course, through two written partial exams. A prerequisite for the second partial exam is to successfully pass the first partial exam. Students who do not pass the final exam through partial exams are required to take written exams during exam periods.

Methods of grading

Evaluation elements Maximum points or Share in evaluation Grade rating scale Grade Direct teaching hours Total number of average student workload ECTS
Pohađanje nastave (predavanja +vježbe) 54 54 2
Aktivno sudjelovanje na nastavi 10% 0 30 0,5
Seminarski rad (S) (priprema+prezentacija) 10% 6 16 0,5
Parcijalni ispit 1 (PI1) 15% <60 %
60-70 %
71-80 %
81-90 %
91-100 %
Insufficient (1)
Sufficient (2)
Good (3)
Very good (4)
Excellent (5)
0 15 0,5
Parcijalni ispit 2 (PI2) 15% <60 %
60-70 %
71-80 %
81-90 %
91-100 %
Insufficient (1)
Sufficient (2)
Good (3)
Very good (4)
Excellent (5)
0 15 0,5
Parcijalni ispit 3 (PI3) 15% <60 %
60-70 %
71-80 %
81-90 %
91-100 %
Insufficient (1)
Sufficient (2)
Good (3)
Very good (4)
Excellent (5)
0 15 0,5
Parcijalni ispit 4 (PI4) 15% <60 %
60-70 %
71-80 %
81-90 %
91-100 %
Insufficient (1)
Sufficient (2)
Good (3)
Very good (4)
Excellent (5)
0 15 0,5
Usmeni ispit (UI) 20% <60 %
60-70 %
71-80 %
81-90 %
91-100 %
Insufficient (1)
Sufficient (2)
Good (3)
Very good (4)
Excellent (5)
0 20 1
UKUPNO 100 % (S+PI1+PI2+PI3+PI4+UI)/6 60 180 6
Evaluation elements Description Deadline Recoupment
Pohađanje nastave (predavanja +vježbe) Na nastavi se redovito bilježe nazočni studenti (na početku i kraju bloka) i prati sposobnost discipliniranog i aktivnog praćenja nastave Može se opravdati izostanak do 20% predavanja, 15% vježbi i 15% seminara (čl. 12 Pravilnika o studiranju na AFZ-u) Semestar (60 sati izravne nastave) Moguća putem samostalnog zadatka (1 ECTS)
Aktivno sudjelovanje na nastavi Studenti se potiču sudjelovati u raspravama, prezentaciji ideja i problemskih rješenja, argumentiranju mišljenja i stavova. Prati se usvajanje teorijskih i činjeničnih znanja, prezentacijskih i komunikacijskih vještina, kritičkog mišljenja, timskog rada i društvene odgovornosti. Prati se sposobnost samostalnog izvođenja laboratorijskih vježbi. Zapažena aktivnost na satu bilježi se u studentskoj evidenciji (+), što omogućuje korekciju konačne ocjene naviše (++) ili beneficiju na usmenom ispitu (+++). Kontinuirano tijekom izvođenja nastave Moguća putem samostalnog zadatka (1 ECTS)
Seminarski rad (S) (priprema+prezentacija) Seminarski rad na početku semestra zadužuje svaki student pojedinačno. Pisani rad se predaje asistentu na pregled najmanje tjedan dana prije izlaganja. Korigirani rad predaje se pri izlaganju. Izlaganja seminarskih radova počinju u 12. tjednu nastave u semestru prema dogovorenom rasporedu. Studenti samostalno izlažu seminare i ocjenjuju prezentacijske vještine, analitičnost i sposobnost zaključivanja (sinteze). Struktura i sadržaj pisanog rada 50% Uvjerljivost prezentacije 50% 12.tjedan 13.tjedan. Moguća putem samostalnog zadatka (1 ECTS)
Parcijalni ispit 1 (PI1) Obuhvaća prvi programski dio modula: osnove automatizacije, upravljanja i regulacije u poljoprivredi koji obrađuje područja automatizacije u poljoprivrednoj tehnici, kroz upravljanje, regulaciju, zahtjeve i primjenu regulacije. Osim navedenog, obraditi će se matematički pristup dinamičkim sustavima; analize u vremenskom području, u području kompleksne varijable i u frekvencijskom području. Pitanja iz teorijskog dijela su otvorenog tipa i ispituju poznavanje i razumijevanje činjenica. 3.tjedan
Parcijalni ispit 2 (PI2) Obuhvaća drugi programski dio modula: regulacijski objekti i uređaji koji obrađuje područja regulacijskih objekata i uređaja u poljoprivrednoj tehnici, kao i stabilnost regulacije, sinteze regulacijskog kruga, sinteze procesa izborom regulatora, te izbor regulatora i metode podešavanja. Pitanja iz teorijskog dijela su otvorenog tipa i ispituju poznavanje i razumijevanje činjenica. 8.tjedan
Parcijalni ispit 3 (PI3) Obuhvaća treći programski dio modula: nelinearni sustavi koji obrađuje područja nekontinuirane nelinearnosti, harmoničke ravnoteže, analize nelinearnih regulacijskih krugova i sklopova za nelinearne operacije i simulacije nelinearnih sustava. Pitanja iz teorijskog dijela su otvorenog tipa i ispituju poznavanje i razumijevanje činjenica. 11.tjedan
Parcijalni ispit 4 (PI4) Obuhvaća četvrti programski dio modula: sustavi umjetne inteligencije u poljoprivrednom okruženju koji obrađuje područja umjetne inteligencije u poljoprivrednom okruženju. Posebna pozornost je posvećena sustavima zasnovanim na znanju, predstavljanju znanja, prikupljanju, organizaciji i rukovanju znanjem, kao i jezicima, sintaksi, semantici umjetne inteligencije. Sve navedeno podržano je primjerima primjene kroz dijagnostiku postrojenja; inteligentne postupke on-line vođenja poljoprivrednih postrojenja; ekspertni sustavi postrojenja manjih kapaciteta. Pitanja iz teorijskog dijela su otvorenog tipa i ispituju poznavanje i razumijevanje činjenica. 15.tjedan
Nadoknada (samostalni zadatak) Ukoliko student ne ostvari nužna 3 ECTS boda kao preduvjet izlaska na usmeni ispit, jedan bod je moguće nadoknaditi dodatnim samostalnim zadatkom, npr: prijevod stručnog teksta s engleskog jezika i izlaganje pred nastavnikom, prikaz članka ili knjige, projektna ideja i sl. Tijekom ispitnih rokova, prije usmenog ispita
Usmeni ispit (UI) Usmeni ispit se sastoji od tri, eventualno dva pitanja (+++), ovisno o prethodnoj aktivnosti studenta . Testira se usvojenost teorije i činjenica, analitičnost, kritičko mišljenje, kreativnost i društvena odgovornost. Ispitni rokovi

Weekly class schedule

  1. Introduction lecture. Introduction in practicum. - Basic introduction to the module: teaching content, learnng outcomes, etimetable, exams etc. Importance of the insect pests in agricultural production. Distribution of seminar papers, repetitorium of morphological insects characteristics that are important for the identification.
  2. Colembola, Orthoptera, Thysanoptera, Heteroptera - Biology, ecology, importance, harmfulness and possibility of the control of insects. Insects morphology and identifications, determining the symptoms of damages.
  3. Homoptera - Biology, ecology, importance, harmfulness and possibility of the control of insects. Insects morphology and identifications, determining the symptoms of damages.
  4. Hymenoptera, Coleoptera- Adephaga - Biology, ecology, importance, harmfulness and possibility of the control of insects. Insects morphology and identifications, determining the symptoms of damages.
  5. Coleoptera – Polyphaga – Scarabeidae, Elateridae, Nitidulidae - Biology, ecology, importance, harmfulness and possibility of the control of insects. Insects morphology and identifications, determining the symptoms of damages.
  6. Seminar papers – 1. Part - Presentations of the collected data about given topic, description of the problem and possible solutions in the written version of the presentation of the collected dana.
  7. Buprestidae, Cerambicidae, Anobiidae - Biology, ecology, importance, harmfulness and possibility of the control of insects. Insects morphology and identifications, determining the symptoms of damages.
  8. Scolitidae, Coccinelidae - Biology, ecology, importance, harmfulness and possibility of the control of insects. Insects morphology and identifications, determining the symptoms of damages.
  9. Bruchidae, Chrysomelidae - Biology, ecology, importance, harmfulness and possibility of the control of insects. Insects morphology and identifications, determining the symptoms of damages.
  10. Curculionidae - Biology, ecology, importance, harmfulness and possibility of the control of insects. Insects morphology and identifications, determining the symptoms of damages.
  11. Lepidoptera – Leaf miner, Plutelidae, Gelechidae - Biology, ecology, importance, harmfulness and possibility of the control of insects. Insects morphology and identifications, determining the symptoms of damages.
  12. Yponomeutidae, Sessidae, Cossidae. Lepidoptera - Yponomeutidae, Sessidae, Cossidae,Tortricidae, Pyralidae, Noctuidae, Other Lepidoptera pests. - Biology, ecology, importance, harmfulness and possibility of the control of insects. Insects morphology and identifications, determining the symptoms of damages.
  13. Seminar papers – 2. Part - Presentations of the collected data about given topic, description of the problem and possible solutions in the written version of the presentation of the collected data.
  14. Tortricidae, Pyralidae, Noctuidae, Other Lepidoptera pests. Diptera- Nematocera, Diptera- Tephritidae. - Biology, ecology, importance, harmfulness and possibility of the control of insects.
  15. Other Diptera pests, pests in warehouses. Diptera. - Biology, ecology, importance, harmfulness and possibility of the control of insects. Insects morphology and identifications, determining the symptoms of damages.

Obligatory literature

  1. Maceljski, M. (2002): Poljoprivredna entomologija, Zrinski, Čakovec
  2. Grupa autora (2004): Štetočinje povrća. M. Maceljski (ed.), Zrinski, Čakovec- selected chapters

Recommended literature

  1. Dent, D. (2000): Insect Pest Management. CABI Publishing, Wallington
  2. Alford, D.V. (1999): A Textobook of Agricultural Entomology. Blackwell Science, Oxford
  3. Maceljski, M., Igrc, J. (1991): Entomologija- štetne i korisne vrste u ratarskim usjevima. Sveučilišna naklada Liber, Zagreb – selected chapters
  4. Maceljski, M. (1991): Entomologija- štetnici voćaka i vinove loze. Sveučilišna naklada, Zagreb
  5. Bailly, R. (1990): Guide pratique de defense des cultures. Association de Coordination Technique Agricole, Paris

Similar course at related universities

  • Entomology II, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Agriculture
  • Entomologia agraria, Università di Bologna
  • Plant Protection, University of Hohenheim
  • Special Problems in Entomology, Purdue University, Department of Entomology
  • Entomologia speciale, Università degli studi di Bari Aldo Moro
  • Entomologia agraria, Università degli studi di Bari Aldo Moro
  • Special entomology II, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture
  • Special entomology, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture

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